July 25, 2021

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The coming productivity boom – MIT Technology Review

The final 15 years have been strong events For A lot Of usa residents, however there At the second a.......

The final 15 years have been strong events For A lot Of usa residents, however there At the second are encouraging indicators of a turnaround.

Productiveness progress, a key driver for greater dwelling requirements, averaged Simply one.3% since 2006, Decrease than half The velocity of the earlier decade. But on June 3, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that US labor productivity elevated by 5.4% Inside The primary quarter of 2021. What’s greater, there’s set off To imagine about that That might not Solely a blip, however pretty a harbinger Of greater events forward: a productivity surge Which will match or surpass the progress events of the Nineteen Nineties.  

Annual Labor Productiveness Growth, 2001 – 2021 Q1

For a lot of the previous decade, productivity progress has been sluggish, however now there are indicators It is choosing up. (Supply: US Bureau of Labor Statistics)

Our optimism is grounded in our evaluation which signifies That the majority OECD nations Are only passing The backside level in a productivity J-curve. Pushed by advances in digital utilized sciences, Similar to synthetic intelligence, productivity progress is now headed up.

Know-how alone Isn’t enough to create vital advantages.

The productivity J-curve describes the historic pattern of initially sluggish productivity progress after a breakthrough technology is launched, adopted years later by A sharp takeoff. Our evaluation and that of others has found that technology alone Isn’t enough to create vital advantages. Instead, technology investments Want to be mixed with even huger investments in new enterprise processes, expertise, and Completely different types of intangible capital earlier than breakthroughs as numerous As a Outcome of the steam engine or computer systems finally increase productivity. For event, after Electricity was launched to American factories, productivity was stagnant for Higher than 20 years. It was only after managers reinvented their manufacturing strains using distrihowevered equipment, A method made potential by Electricity, that productivity surged.

There are three set offs that this time Throughout the productivity J-curve Shall be hugeger and faster than Prior to now.

The first is technological: the previous decade has delivered an astonishing cluster of technology breakthroughs. An important ones are in AI: The event of machine studying algorithms mixed with huge decline in prices for knowledge storage And enhancements in computing power has allowed corporations To deal with challenges from imaginative and prescient and speech to prediction and evaluation. The quick-rising cloud computing market has made these improvements accessible to smaller corporations.