Two people attfinish providers On the Worldwide Church of Hashish on April 20, 2017, in Denver.
The Overwhelming majority of grownups in America assist permitting marijuana to some extent, Based mostly on a current Pew Evaluation Center survey. However opinions about whether or not and beneath what circumstances marijuana Ought to be authorized differ by People’ spiritual id and their ranges Of spiritual dedication.
U.S. grownups Who’re affiliated with A religion are much less probably than spiritually unaffiliated grownups to assist broadly authorized marijuana. Amongst Individuals who decide with any spiritual group, simply over half (54%) think about marijuana Ought to be authorized for medical and leisure use, wright hereas roughly A third (35%) say it should solely be authorized for medical use. Amongst unaffiliated people – People who describe themselves spiritually as atheist, agnostic or “nothing Notably” – about three-quarters (76%) say marijuana Ought to be authorized For every medical and leisure features, wright hereas Only a fifth say authorized marijuana Ought to be restricted to medical use.
Amongst grownups general, 91% say marijuana Ought to be authorized in some type, collectively with six-in-ten who say it Ought to be authorized for medical and leisure use and about three-in-ten (31%) who say it Ought to be authorized for medical use solely.
Pew Evaluation Center carried out this research To know The general public’s views about authorizedizing marijuana, and whether or not religion performs A process in people’s attitudes. For this research, we surveyed 5,109 U.S. grownups in early April 2021. Everyone who took half is a member of The middle’s American Trfinishs Panel (ATP), An internet-based survey panel That is recruited by way of nationwide, random sampling of residential addresses. This method almost all U.S. grownups have An alternative of selection. The survey is weighted to be consultant of the U.S. grownup inhabitants by gfinisher, race, ethnicity, halfisan affiliation, education and completely different packages. Study extra Regarding the ATP’s methodology.
Listed right here are the questions used for this report, Together with responses, and its methodology.
Fewer than half of White evangelical Protestants favor broadly authorized marijuana
White evangelical Protestants are The one group analyzed On this research By which fewer than half (44%) say marijuana Ought to be allowed For every medical and leisure use. An identical share (43%) say marijuana Ought to be authorized solely as a medical remedy, wright hereas 14% say marijuana Ought to not be authorized for both objective.
White mainline Protestants and Black Protestants differ from their evangelical friends: Greater shares (62% and 63%, respectively) say marijuana Ought to be authorized for medical and leisure use, and smaller shares (31% and 28%) assist authorized marijuana solely as a medical remedy.
Amongst Protestants and Catholics general, views on marijuana are pretty comparable. Roughly half in every group say marijuana Ought to be authorized for medical and leisure use, wright hereas barely Greater than A third say it Ought to be authorized Only for medical use.
Of All of the teams analyzed, atheists and agnostics are In all probability the most strongly in favor of broadly authorized marijuana. Virtually 9-in-ten atheists and agnostics (88% and 86% respectively – a statistical tie) favor authorized marijuana For every medical and leisure use, wright hereas small minorities (7% and 13%, respectively) say marijuana Ought to be authorized Only for medical use. Only 4% of atheists and 1% of agnostics say marijuana should not be authorized.
Amongst Individuals with no spiritual affiliation, People who say They’re “nothing Notably” Aren’t as united as atheists and agnostics on this question: 70% On this group say medical and leisure marijuana Ought to be authorized, and 25% assist authorized marijuana Only for medical features.
Some spiritual teams differ from Each completely different politically. For event, Greater than two-thirds of White evangelicals describe themselves as politically conservative or very conservative, in contrast with solely 5% of atheists and 10% of agnostics. And White evangelicals Usually tfinish to be Republicans or Republican-leaning indepfinishents, wright hereas atheists and agnostics tfinish to align with the Democratic Celebration. Ideology and halfy identification matter When it Includes views on marijuana, but They do not account for the spiritual variations described On this analysis.
Differences by religion in People’ views about marijuana additionally Can’t be absolutely defined by the age or racial compositions Of spiritual teams. That said, opinions do differ by age, particularly among Protestants.
Amongst People general, about two-thirds (67%) of these beneath the age Of fifty assist permitting authorized marijuana for medical and leisure features, in contrast with simply over half (53%) Of people 50 and older. Amongst Protestants, 62% of these beneath 50 assist authorized marijuana for leisure and medical use, in contrast with 46% of People who are older. Tright here’s not a age hole among Catholics and a modest one (78% and 72%) among spiritually unaffiliated People.
Extremely spiritual People are much less More probably to favor broadly authorized marijuana
U.S. grownups differ Inside their spiritual notions and applys. Pew Evaluation Center frequently asks People how frequently they attfinish spiritual providers, how typically they pray And the method important religion is Inside their stays. Of these measures, worship service attfinishance has the strongest connection to views about marijuana.
Frequent church attfinishers are much less assistive of broad authorizedization than completely differents, even within spiritual teams. For event, among White evangelicals who say they attfinish spiritual providers A minimal of weekly, 29% favor authorized marijuana For every medical and leisure use, in contrast with 64% of White evangelicals who attfinish providers much less typically.
Black Protestants Are additionally starkly divided by church attfinishance: 47% of People who attfinish providers weekly or extra assist broadly authorized marijuana, in contrast with Greater than three-quarters (77%) who go much less typically.
Overall, simply over A third of Protestants who usually go To spiritual providers A minimal of weekly (36%) and about two-thirds of People who attfinish much less typically (67%) assist broadly authorized marijuana. Only 37% of Catholics who attfinish weekly providers think about that marijuana Ought to be authorized for leisure and medical use, in contrast with 59% who attfinish much less typically.
The connection between service attfinishance and views on marijuana authorizedization Means that spiritual socialization might play A process in shaping attitudes Regarding the authorizedity of the drug – Just Just like the biggest method it impacts People’ attitudes and behaviors surrounding alcohol and tobacco. Many religions emphameasurement temperance and warn in the direction of intoxication. Worship leaders typically problem reminders Of spiritual norms all by way of providers, and congregations might create social strain to stay As a lot as them. Religious notion and apply Are additionally thought to buffer in the direction of substance use by serving as a healthful coping mechanism and connecting adright herents to a social assist system.
Opinions about whether or not marijuana Ought to be authorized for leisure and/or medical use additionally differ based on how typically people pray And the method important They are saying religion is Inside their stays. Fewer than half of grownups who pray Daily (46%) say marijuana Ought to be authorized For every medical and leisure use, in contrast with roughly seven-in-ten (72%) of People who pray much less typically. Equally, Individuals who say religion is “Essential” Inside their stays are much less More probably to favor broadly authorized marijuana than People who say religion is much Less important (44% vs. 71%).
Combining measures of affiliation, service attfinishance, prayer frequency and the significance Of religion in a scale Of spiritual dedication illustrates The connection between piety and opinions about marijuana among U.S. grownups. (Most People on the extreme finish of The measurement affiliate with A particular spiritual group, attfinish providers weekly or extra typically, pray Daily and say religion is “Essential” Inside their stays. Most on the low finish Have not any spiritual affiliation, seldom or by no means attfinish providers or pray, and say that religion is “not too” or “By no means important” Inside their stays.)
Amongst The numerous most spiritual grownups, 39% say that marijuana Ought to be authorized For every medical and leisure use, in contrast with about three-quarters (76%) of the least spiritual grownups. In distinction to People general, In all probability the most extremely spiritual grownups Usually tfinish to say that marijuana Ought to be authorized Only for medical use than to say it Ought to be authorized for medical and leisure use. Nearly half (45%) of these extremely spiritual grownups think about marijuana should solely be authorized as medicine; solely 20% of the least spiritual grownups say The identical.
As of early 2021, 17 states and the District of Columbia had authorizedized marijuana for grownup leisure use. Roughly half Of usa residents Who’re Inside the least spiritual class (48%) stay in a state wright here leisure marijuana is authorized, and one-in-5 (22%) stay in states wright here It is not authorized for any use. People who discover themselves extremely spiritual are extra evenly distributed throughout states. For event, among People who are most spiritual, 33% stay in states wright here marijuana is broadly authorized, 32% stay in states wright here It is simply authorized for medical use and 35% stay in states wright here It is not authorized.
Notice: Listed right here are the questions used for this report, Together with responses, and its methodology.
Stephanie Kramer is a research affiliate Specializing in religion at Pew Evaluation Center.